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  • Tag Archive: France Finance Bill 2024

    1. Finance Bill: Fueling Green Industry Investments with Tax Credits

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      France’s vision for a greener and more sustainable future has taken a significant step forward with the release of the French Finance Bill for 2024, unveiled on 27 September 2023. 


      One of the headline features of this bill is the introduction of a Tax Credit for Investments in Green Industries, known as the Crédit d’impôt “Investissement Industries Vertes” (C3IV). 


      This tax credit is designed to reinvigorate the country’s industrial sector and reduce the carbon footprint of French industries, setting a promising course towards environmental sustainability.


      Investing in Green: The C3IV Tax Credit


      The C3IV tax credit is poised to make a substantial impact on the development of green industries in France. 


      It is available to companies based in France that make tangible and intangible investments in the production of specific green products, with a strong emphasis on sustainability and carbon reduction. 


      The eligible products encompass cutting-edge technologies that are vital for a greener future, including new-generation batteries and their key components, solar panels, wind turbines, and heat pumps.


      Key Highlights of the Tax Credit


      Eligible Investments


      Companies can claim the tax credit for tangible investments, which include land, buildings, facilities, equipment, and machinery, as well as intangible investments such as patent rights, licenses, knowledge, or other intellectual property rights.


      Varied Incentives


      The tax credit’s value varies, ranging from 20% to 60% of the investments made, depending on factors like the location of the investment and the size of the investing entity. 


      Importantly, this incentivizes both small and large companies to contribute to the green industry.


      Maximum Limit


      The tax credit comes with a maximum limit, which ranges from €150 million to €350 million, determined by the location of the investment. 


      This ensures that the benefits are distributed across various regions.


      Tax Application


      The tax credit is applied against the corporate income tax due by the company for the fiscal year in which the investments are made. 


      If the credit exceeds the tax liability, the excess will be reimbursed to the company.


      Economic Impact and Eligibility Criteria


      The C3IV tax credit is expected to not only boost environmental sustainability but also stimulate the French economy. 


      According to the French government, this initiative has the potential to generate approximately EUR 23 billion in investments and create around 40,000 jobs in France by 2030, showcasing the power of green industry growth.


      To be eligible for this tax credit, companies must align with certain criteria, subject to approval by the Ministry of Finance and authorization by the European Commission. 


      Eligible expenditures include:


      • Equipment Production: Investments in the production of equipment related to the specified green sectors;
      • Component Production: Production of essential components primarily used for the equipment mentioned above. The project sponsor must demonstrate that at least 50% of its revenue is generated with companies operating downstream in the production chain for the identified sectors;
      • Raw Materials: Investments in the production or recovery of critical raw materials required for equipment and component production. Here, the project sponsor must show that at least 50% of its revenue is generated with companies involved in the production of essential components or downstream in the production chain for the specified sectors.


      It’s important to note that the C3IV tax credit will apply to projects approved by the Ministry of Finance and subject to prior approval by the Agency for Ecological Transition (ADEME). 


      The eligibility window extends until December 31, 2025, with applications accepted from September 27, 2023, onward.




      France’s 2024 Finance Bill and the introduction of the C3IV tax credit signify a resolute commitment to a sustainable and environmentally responsible future. 


      This innovative approach not only promotes the growth of green industries but also aims to strengthen the nation’s industrial base. 


      With the potential to drive billions in investments and create thousands of jobs, this tax credit is a bold step towards a cleaner, greener, and more prosperous France. 


      As the world grapples with environmental challenges, France’s vision for green investments sets a powerful example for the global community.


      If you have any queries about this article, or tax matters more generally, then please get in touch.