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  • ARTICLE - Italy

    Italy NFT and Cryptoasset Tax 

    02 Jan

    Italy NFT and Cryptoasset Tax  - Introduction

    In a rapidly evolving digital world, Italy's stance on the taxation of crypto-assets has taken a significant step forward. The Italian Revenue Agency’s Circular Letter No. 30/E, dated 27 October 2023, sheds light on this, offering operational guidelines aligned with the 2023 Budget Law. This development is relevant for both individual investors and institutions accessing the  world of cryptocurrencies and digital assets.

    Defining Crypto-Assets

    Crypto-assets are digital representations of value or rights, easily transferable and storable via distributed ledger or similar technologies. They encompass various types, including payment tokens, security tokens, utility tokens, and non-fungible tokens (NFTs).

    Tax Implications on Capital Gains

    The Circular outlines that capital gains from sales, redemptions, exchanges, or holdings of crypto-assets fall under Article 67, paragraph 1, letter c-sexies, of the Income Tax Consolidation Act (Tuir). These gains are subject to a substitute tax rate of 26%. Notably, the exchange between cryptocurrencies with identical economic functions is not tax-relevant. However, transactions involving NFTs and cryptocurrencies are considered taxable events.

    Calculation of Capital Gains and Losses

    The taxable base for capital gains is calculated per Article 68, paragraph 9-bis, of the Tuir. It's based on the difference between the sale's consideration or fair value and the acquisition cost. Moreover, the deduction of capital losses is permissible, albeit under specific conditions.

    Extended Regimes for Crypto-Asset Holders

    Crypto-asset holders can now benefit from the Administrated Savings and Managed Savings regimes, broadening the scope of financial planning and investment strategies.

    Tax Monitoring Obligations

    Resident individuals, non-commercial entities, and Simple Partnerships in Italy must report their foreign-held crypto-assets in the RW Box of their Income Tax Return, emphasizing transparency and compliance.

    Redetermination Opportunity for Holders

    For those holding crypto-assets as of 1 January 2023, there's an option to re-determine their cost or purchase value as of that date. This re-determined value is subject to a 14% substitute tax, applicable even if the assets are no longer held at the time of payment.

    VAT and Stamp Duty Considerations

    The Circular aligns with international VAT best practices for cryptocurrencies used exclusively as payment means in VAT-subject transactions. Some crypto operations, like virtual currency exchanges or mining, are exempt from VAT. Additionally, stamp duty applies to periodic communications concerning crypto-assets.

    Inheritance and Gift Tax

    To ascertain the taxable base for inheritance and gift tax, the fair market value at the time of succession or donation is critical.

    Regularisation Opportunity

    For those who haven’t declared crypto-assets in their tax returns, a regularization window is available until 30 November 2023, with reduced penalties. This opportunity extends to undeclared income derived from crypto-assets.

    Determining the Territoriality

    The Circular provides guidelines on the territoriality of crypto-assets, focusing on the location where access keys are held to determine if the income is produced in Italy.

    Italy NFT and Cryptoasset Tax - Conclusion

    Italy's latest guidelines on crypto-assets taxation reflect a growing trend of regulatory bodies adapting to the digital age. These guidelines offer clarity and a framework for individuals and businesses engaging in cryptocurrency transactions, ensuring compliance while navigating this emerging financial landscape.

    Final thoughts

    If you have any queries about this article on Italy NFT and Cryptoasset Tax, or Italian tax or crypto tax in general, then please get in touch.

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